Tuesday, March 20, 2012


Pernah dengar pasal hernia?Apa tu hernia? *Tgk gambar kat bawah:

Aritu bawak Nuha pegi check up kat PPUM. Health condition dia ok cumanya dia ada hernia. Doctor ckp hernia ni penyakit biasa. Pusat dia akan masuk balik tapi akan ambil masa selama setahun or hingga dia umur 2 tahun. *lamanya! Doctor ckp penyakit ni tak serius tapi if dia muntah-muntah or tak buang air besar, ianya akan jadik serius. So, kena cepat-cepat bawak pegi hospital.

Here are details about hernia.

What is a hernia?

A hernia is a lump, which varies in size, under the skin, in the tummy or groin. A hernia happens because your baby's muscles haven't developed fully. Normally, the muscles across the tummy and pelvis form a sheet to hold in organs, including the gut, or intestines. But with a hernia, there is a gap in this wall. Tissues, fluid or even part of the intestine can push through this gap and create a bulge under the skin.

There are two common types of hernia in babies and young children:
  • Umbilical hernia: This happens around the tummy button and is more common in some ethnic groups, particularly babies of African descent.
  • Inguinal hernia: This happens in the groin area, possibly extending up to the tummy. As many as five in 100 children are born with this.
A third type of hernia is rarer. It is called a diaphragmatic hernia.

What causes a hernia?

During the first few weeks of pregnancy, it is normal for your baby to have a large gap in his tummy muscles. However, if this gap does not close up fully while your baby is developing in your uterus (womb), he can be born with a hernia.

Some babies are more likely to be born with a hernia than others. It is more common in boys. Hernias also appear more often in babies who are born prematurely. This is because their tummy muscles do not have time to finish growing before birth.

How can I tell if my baby has a hernia?

You may spot a hernia when your baby is born. Or it might be found by a doctor, paediatrician or nurse.

However, you may only notice the hernia later, when your child is a bit older. If it's relatively small, the hernia it may bulge out when your baby tenses his abdominal muscles to cry, cough or empty his bowels. The hernia then pushes out against the skin.

The main danger from a hernia is that a part of the bowel could be trapped and squeezed. This is called a strangulated hernia. This is an emergency and you should take your baby straight to a doctor if:
  • the lump becomes hard and does not go down or go soft when your baby stops crying;
  • it is painful for your baby if the lump is touched;
  • your baby starts vomiting and is generally unwell.

What problems can a hernia cause?

Most umbilical hernias go away on their own, as your child grows and his muscles become stronger. They do not usually cause a problem. Your doctor will only recommend surgery to repair the hernia if it doesn't go away, or if it is very large.

Inguinal hernias can be more dangerous, though. The bowel can be trapped and this is a medical emergency. For this reason, your doctor will probably recommend surgery before complications set in.

If your child has an inguinal hernia on one side, there is a chance he could get one on the other side, later on.

Source: Babycenter

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